In recent years, no matter how the fashion circle turns, a variety of leather-type clothing has been in an undefeated position, year after year to wear the beauty of the year.
In the 2020/21 show, whether it's spring/summer or fall/winter, Aunt found a lot of brands have made leather items, a "leather wind" will sweep in again with the trend of fashion.
In addition to leather jackets, leather pants and other such perennially popular classic style.
Workwear, dresses and bags were also made into very wearable leather items.
However, now on the market, there are many businesses to fake leather to mix leather, today we will talk about the different materials of leather what is different!
Genuine leather fabric
Want to prevent pit, then we have to first understand what the leather fabric is.
There are many kinds of leather fabric on the fabric market, we generally divided into three categories: natural leather (genuine leather), recycled leather, artificial leather (PU / PVC).
1. natural leather
Natural leather, also known as genuine leather, it is made from animal skin after dehairing, and then after tanning and other finishing treatment made of genuine leather material.
Its skin surface shape is irregular, thick and thin, soft and breathable, wear-resistant, high strength, in the market we commonly natural leather fabrics are: cow leather, sheep leather, pig leather.
● Cow leather
Cow genuine leather fabric has a fine leather surface, tight grain and high strength, which can be used for both clothing and shoes, and is also ideal for trolley bags, belts, etc.
It is also divided into yellow cow leather, buffalo leather and yak leather.
The pores on the skin surface of yellow cow leather fabric are rounded and the grain is clear; while the pores of buffalo leather fabric are coarser than yellow cow leather, the leather is looser and less detailed and fuller than yellow cow leather; the pores of yak leather are dense, the grain is slightly coarser than that of yellow cow leather, and the fiber weave is looser.
Yellow cow leather Buffalo leather Yak leather
● Sheep leather
Sheep leather fabric of sheepskin is smaller, the pores are arranged regularly, the skin surface is fine, the feel is soft, often used to make some leather boots, leather jacket, etc.
It is also divided into sheepskin and goatskin.
Sheep leather fabric pores are small and flat, evenly distributed, soft texture, ductility, soft and delicate feel, clear and beautiful skin pattern;.
And goat leather fabric pores are also flat round, but its skin grain surface is rougher, so smoothness, feel are not as good as sheepskin.
Generally, the strength of goat leather is better than sheepskin, while the softness and wearing comfort of sheepskin is better than goatskin.
● Pig leather
Pig genuine leather fabric has coarse pores, regular arrangement and rough grain, but it has good breathability and high softness.
Because pigskin grain is rougher but high strength, it is seldom used as a leather clothing fabric, and is generally often used as a lining material for shoes, which is breathable and comfortable.
In addition, natural leather there are also the first layer of cowhide and two layers of cowhide.
When we buy leather boots, we often encounter some merchants, take the second layer of cowhide boots and you say it is genuine leather, it really is genuine leather?
In fact, the second layer of cowhide and the first layer of leather is the same as "leather", but the first layer of cowhide is the layer of cowhide on the cow, is the top quality leather material, known as genuine leather; and the second layer of cowhide is the first layer of cowhide.
And the second layer of cowhide is the first layer of cowhide trimmings after breaking, after a series of finishing leather, also known as laminated leather, is a man-made fiber leather, not called cowhide.
First layer cowhide Second layer cowhide
The first layer of cowhide has good flexibility, breathability, wear resistance and plasticity characteristics, and the completion of the high degree of luster, leather feeling is particularly strong, so it is made of clothing is "expensive"!
The appearance of the second layer of cowhide and the completion of the degree and the first layer of cowhide almost, but breathability, wear resistance is far less than the first layer of cowhide, the skin surface is simple off, burst, the price is relatively cheap.
So many bad businessmen, often say two layers of cowhide is genuine leather, but that is only a layer of the first layer of cowhide, this skin is not his skin ah, sisters will not be cheated again!
2. regenerated leather
Recycled leather is the use of genuine leather or recycled leather raw materials in the finishing process produced by the edges of the scrap, recycled after finishing treatment made of recycled leather material, both genuine leather and PU characteristics.
Like genuine leather, recycled leather fabric is soft, ductile and light, it is a very versatile leather fabric nowadays and is often widely used in various leather goods.
3. Synthetic leather
Artificial leather, also known as PCV/PU, has a similar surface feel to genuine leather, but its breathability and wear resistance are not as good as genuine leather, easy to fade, and the feel and resilience are not as good as genuine leather, the same principle as the real one and the fake one nowadays.
Because the leather of genuine leather is expensive, so the artificial leather that imitates genuine leather was once popular and was widely used in making clothes and bags.
So, recognize these three different leather materials, according to their own likes and spending power to pick their own leather clothing it.
Genuine leather authenticity identification way
Genuine leather with fashion trends gradually diversified, many businesses for gross profit, but also in the leather fabric to do a lot of "kung fu", to fake, how to identify real and fake leather has become a major problem, next we will see how to identify it!
1. eye to see
Real leather surface has clearer pores, patterns, and artificial leather surface also has pores but not clear.
2. Hand touch
Touch the surface of real leather, such as smooth, soft, full, elastic feeling is real leather; and general synthetic leather leather surface smooth, feel thin, poor softness no elasticity.
Genuine leather is generally odorless but it is normal to produce a smell of genuine leather; and artificial leather has a strong irritating plastic smell and no smell of fur.
Tear off a bit of fiber from the back of real leather and artificial leather, after ignition, if it produces a pungent smell and knots into lumps, it is artificial leather; and real leather will produce hair smell after burning, no lumps, and can be pinched into powder mill with fingers.
Now the industry, there are clear provisions for leather, as long as the regular leather manufacturers, are required to go through the Industrial and Commercial Bureau registration, are issued by the Industrial and Commercial Bureau to prove the trademark, which is a direct way to identify the true and false leather.
Genuine leather care
So simple to understand so many leather fabric, so simple to buy a quality leather clothing, do not understand how it can care!
Quality leather clothing, good not to hand wash nor machine wash, nor frequent cleaning, simply lead to leather deformation;.
If you want to clean, first take a soft cloth to wipe away the dust on the surface of leather clothing, and then use a toothbrush dipped in diluted neutral detergent to clean the leather lining, after cleaning the PU coating Vaseline oil on the surface of the leather jacket, to ensure that the leather clothing is complete sense of luster.
After cleaning the leather jacket, can not be directly exposed to the sun to finish drying, should first use a towel to absorb the moisture, and then evenly coated with glycerin or petroleum jelly in the water stains, hanging on the hanger, placed in a cool and ventilated place to dry.
Do not dry in the sun, simply make the skin surface cracking, and clothing simple hardening, shrinkage.
① It is recommended not to iron, high temperature ironing simply make their clothing hard; such as clothing wrinkles, ironing temperature should be manipulated within 80 ℃.
② put a clean cotton cloth on the leather jacket as a lining ironing cloth, gently iron back and forth can be (do not use a steam iron), to prevent the iron direct contact with the surface of the leather, ironing damage to the leather.
① prevent mildew, if the leather jacket is damp and mildew, to use velvet or corduroy to wipe away the mildew, and then use leather cleaner to dry.
② Pay attention to the care of the leather surface, wear to avoid contact with sharp objects to prevent damage to clothing.
① storage, it is recommended to use hangers flat spread hanging, not folded storage, not to be other clothing pressed underneath, to prevent clothing creases.
② long-term storage is recommended to use the cloth cover sealed preservation, hanging placed, regularly taken out of ventilation to prevent the occurrence of mold
The following is a list of some of the most important things you can do to prevent mold and mildew.
The actual fact is that you'll be able to get a lot more than just a few of these.
The president can't wait to get into the leather jacket, feel its sharp simplicity, not to drag the aura, and enjoy a more soft taste~.
Contact: Jeanne yang（MISS）
E-mail: [email protected]
Add: Room A2216/A2217,Double-Star Building,No 567 New South Middle Road, KunShan City JiangSu Province ,China.